Three Daughters of Eve by Elif Shafak

Elif Shafak is a popular Turkish author, and a Rumi scholar, raised by her mother and grandmother, experiencing a childhood and influences that fed a fertile imagination. Now based in London, this is her tenth novel. Since reading The Forty Rules of Love, the first of her novels to actively reference her Rumi knowledge and learnings, I’ve read the excellent The Bastard of Istanbul, Honour and her nonfiction essay The Happiness of Blond People. She is an interesting and unique author because of her ability to straddle the thinking of both East and West, captured through engaging characters and storytelling; she demonstrated that for all our supposed differences, we are grappling with similar issues.

Three Daughters of Eve is an interesting, quietly provocative, philosophical novel. Shafak brilliantly sets up a character study of Peri, our Turkish protagonist, who on her way to a dinner party to meet her husband, decides to abandon her car in the middle of a traffic jam, in pursuit of an opportunistic handbag thief.

“Like a magic wand in the wrong hands, the traffic turned minutes into hours, humans into brutes and any trace of sanity into sheer lunacy.”

There is a violent, unsettling altercation after which she will continue on her way, shaken, but in one piece and determined not to change her plans. However this episode and the memories it awakens, will over the course of the evening, reveal her conflicted self and cause her to consider her life and address a significant event of the past, as the present madness moves forward towards astonishing heights.

“Though easy to forget at times, the city was a stormy sea swollen with drifting icebergs of masculinity, and it was better to manoeuvre away from them, gingerly and smartly, for one never knew how much danger lay beneath the surface.”

The three daughters are the three girls who appear in the photo that falls out of her handbag, referred to as the sinner, the believer and the confused. They are three young Muslim students at Oxford university, including Peri (the confused), who will all take the same class with Professor Azur and for a time they will live together. The girls all have different views, as do their fellow classmates, in the class about ‘understanding God’, a guided philosophical think-tank, where the handpicked students are forbidden to discuss religion, and must instead learn to express their opinions without the framework of doctrine.

Thus the novel is narrated across two timelines, the present day Istanbul (2016) en route to and at a bourgeoise dinner party and a period of time at the university in Oxford (2000).

Shirin is the liberal-minded sinner with no excuses or apologies for who she is, she loves to provoke reaction and is a willing accomplice come recruiter to the Professor’s circle, it is she who brings the conservative believer Mona and Peri together.

Shafak’s account of Peri’s parents and family is brilliantly characterised and aptly portrays why she is given the label of ‘confused’, they are complete opposites and over time become even more so, her two brothers are also polar opposite while Peri, loaded with empathy, understands all their positions, but can not stand in either of their shoes. Her plan to study in England, supported by her father and a cause of concern for her mother, was more of an escape for her than the brilliant opportunity her father imagined.

“They were as incompatible as tavern and mosque. The frowns that descended on their brows, the stiffness that infused their voices, identified them not as a couple in love, but as opponents in a game of chess…

Religion had plummeted into their lives as unexpectedly as a meteor, and created a chasm, separating the family into two clashing camps.”

Despite education, philosophical questions and new friends, Peri is a young, Turkish woman coming to live in a foreign country; as I was reading, I couldn’t help but notice the synchronicity between this combination of time, space and circumstance that made Peri vulnerable to manipulative intent and the protagonist of Claire Fuller’s excellent novel Swimming Lessons, a novel that chose not to explore the family background and cultural references of its young, female Norwegian university student, and rather focuses on the life that followed an equally significant turning point.

Here in Elif Shafak’s novel is an attempt to provide an experience with its cultural context. They are both young impressionable women having life-changing experiences in a foreign culture, with little support or guidance, they are lost in an age-appropriate confusion of emotions, one that is not on the same wavelength as the object of their desire.

Elif Shafak speaking in Bulgaria
Photo courtesy of Rayna Tzvetkova

While I enjoyed the novel and love Elif Shafak’s writing and philosophical questioning, there was a point very near the end, where events became too surreal for me to stay captured in the literary bubble of considering that evening dinner party in 2016 legitimate. It may be a satire of the Turkish elite, some of the things that happen and that are said are a mix of humorous and dramatic, however that’s not the tone of the novel as a whole.

I don’t know why the author chose to brings things together in the manner she did, for me personally it distracted from the thought process I’d spent the entire novel developing, and resulted in a suspension of belief, a kind of clocking out. I was waiting for the resolution, that’s where it was heading, and it does attempt to do that, however, as she not so convincingly demonstrates, humans can be unpredictable, and their actions often make no sense at all.

An excellent and thought-provoking novel that I recommend, despite a somewhat less well executed ending.


Note: This book was an ARC(Advance Reader Copy) kindly provided by the publisher via NetGalley.

To purchase a copy via Book Depository, click here

26 thoughts on “Three Daughters of Eve by Elif Shafak

  1. I’ve been meaning to read this author since someone recommended The Forty Rules of Love to me. Your thoughtful review has reminded me of this gap in my reading! This does sound good, it’s a shame the end went a bit awry.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Yes, it all got a bit overly ambitious towards the end, when it wasn’t really necessary, but a good read all the same and I do enjoy her novels. Forty Rules I loved, although it too is not without flaws, its a dual narrative, and inevitably one ends up preferring one over the other.

      Liked by 1 person

    • Yes, I definitely recommend you try one of her novels, she’s an excellent storyteller and writes engaging characters and her knowledge of different worlds and cultures adds something quite unique, I’ve enjoyed all her books I’ve read.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I’ve read The Bastard of Istanbul and The Happiness of blond People and felt that they were both fantastic books. Three Daughters of Eve is geared and will be waiting for me to pick up when I get back from the States. After reading your review I4m even more anxious to get to it.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Oh great, and I know you’ll be reading Stay With Me by Ayobami Adebayo during your trip, I’m still reading it, it’s excellent, so pleased it’s on the Women’s Prize long list, another author I’d not heard of.


  3. As ever, a very thoughtful and considered review, Claire. She’s an interesting author. Like others here, I have heard her speak (albeit on the radio rather than in person) and she always has something insightful to offer.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Thank you for this extensive review, Claire. I haven’t read Elif Shafak at all. Where do you think I should start? Oh, and I love ‘Swimming Lesson’s’ cover. 🙂


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  6. Hi Claire, just dropping back to read your review of this novel as I’ve just finished it in advance of book group next week.

    Interestingly, your thoughts and observations are very closely aligned to my own. The novel is full of interesting themes around the differences between cultures and the philosophical meaning of God amongst various individuals, but the ending of the 2016 strand really didn’t work for me. It felt sensationalist and totally unnecessary – like you, I started to disengage at that point, which was a shame as I’d been heavily invested in Peri until that point.

    I also suspect that some of the members of my book group will feel less than satisfied with the way in which the Oxford strand played out. It felt like a bit of an anti-climax in some respects.

    Anyway, really great review, full of interesting observations and insights. I completely agree with you about the portrayal of the tensions between Peri’s parents and the impact of this on Peri herself – definitely one of the most accomplished sections of the book.


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