This was a brilliant read and the kind of cross cultural, reading journey I love.
Imbolo Mbue takes you back to the fictional African village, Kosawa in the 1980’s. It could be in any number of countries, a fact acknowledged by naming her characters after real towns and cities.
She tells what should be a simple story, about how the village has been affected by the interventions of outsiders and those placed in power within their own country and the people’s attempt to seek and find justice.
Mostly the story is narrated through the multi-generational members of one family, of Thula and her brother Juba, their mother Saleh, grandmother Yaya, uncle Bongo and then the third person plural (we) of The Children, Thula’s age mates. It reaches back to the 1970’s and travels through to the current day.
Seeking Justice, Inviting Retribution
The issue the village initially attempts to address is the polluting of the river and air, resulting in the poisoning of the land, the destruction of their farming way of life and the deaths of too many of their children, since this latest American corporation Pexton, arrived and began drilling for oil.
Though the villages allowed the corporation to drill for oil, based on assurances that all would be more than well for them, they suspect their problems are due to contamination created by the activities of Pexton. The corporation deny all and their paid village representative tries to downplay the gravity of their losses.
At the regular eight weekly meeting, the village madman who has never before now before attended, stands up to the group of representatives and threatens them. The villagers, at first fearful of repercussions, become courageous.
Thula’s father lead the group of men to confront the leadership of the company exploiting their land for oil.
These men have now been missing over a year – no bodies, no explanation, no solution. His brother Bongo becomes their new (reluctant) leader. Their initial plan, to elicit names of those who can help them, encounters unforeseen complications.
Patience, Process and Persecution, All Legal Of Course
Their attempts to reason with whoever it is they can speak to to address their concerns, because this is all happening on their land, result in dire consequences, yet they persevere and each generation attempts to reconcile the problem.
It is a demonstration of how complex resistance can be, as it passes from one generation to the next, an attempt to balance the desires of the individual, family and the community.
Each time they learn more about the complexity of a situation that is repeated the world over by those who exploit partnering with those in power; how that power corrupts, the false hopes provided by those kindly ones who want to do good in the face of social injustice; and the money making machine of the law, lawyers, the cold-hearted ineffectiveness of the courts.
When Thula accepts a scholarship to study in America, it is not surprising her favourite books include her uncle’s copies of Fanon’s The Wretched Of The Earth, Friere’s The Pedagogy Of The Oppressed and The Communist Manifesto.
Interesting and timely as the 60th anniversary edition of Fanon’s landmark text (translated by Maryse Condé’s husband Richard Philcox) will be reissued on 19 October 2021, described as is a masterful and timeless interrogation of race, colonialism, psychological trauma, and revolutionary struggle, and a continuing influence on movements from Black Lives Matter to decolonisation.
It’s about taking a stand and persevering against all odds, generation after generation. Because their land is their home, their livelihood, their legacy. Without it, they have nothing.
Fiction Creates Understanding and Empathy
Though it is told through one family and over a much shorter time period, it reminded me a little of the cascading effect of reading Yaa Gyasi’s Homegoing; that understanding of significant historical events and people that influence each generation, how they then behave, react, respond. It is absolutely stunning. I loved it.
Similarly, on this theme of social justice, two other novels come to mind that portray their own versions of this situation, Patricia Grace’s Potiki and Tara June Winch’s The Yield, both highly recommended and reviewed here.
Brilliantly conveyed, right from that first character Kongo, deemed a madman, the one who stands up and commits the first act of rebellion, saying and doing what no else dares, the one who sees what others can not, knowing how it all will end.
NPR: Author Imbolo Mbue Explores The Politics Of Oil In ‘How Beautiful We Were’ by Arun Venugopal
Imbolo Mbue is the author of the New York Times bestseller Behold the Dreamers, which won the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction and was an Oprah’s Book Club selection. The novel has been translated into eleven languages, adapted into an opera and a stage play, and optioned for a miniseries.
Her novel How Beautiful We Were, is about what happened when a fictional African village decided to fight against an against American oil company that had been polluting its land for many years.
A native of Limbe, Cameroon, and a graduate of Rutgers and Columbia Universities, Mbue lives in New York.
N.B. Thank you to the publisher for providing a copy for review via NetGalley.